The Atmosphere of Mercury

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Space Science Reviews
Volume 5, Number 5

Rasool, S.I., S.H. Gross, and W.E. McGovern, 1966:  565-584

It is the purpose of this paper to review the available information on the temperature, composition, and surface pressure of Mercury’s atmosphere, and to discuss the implications of a non-synchronous rotation of the planet on the atmosphere. We construct several models for the atmosphere which are consistent with the observations in an attempt to determine if they are stable against depletion of the atmosphere by gravtiational escape. The results are discusssed from the standpoint of the origin of the atmosphere.

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Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide and Aerosols: Effects of Large Increases on Global Climate

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S.I. Rasool and S.H. Schneider
Science 9 July 1971:
Vol. 173 no. 3992 pp. 138-141


Effects on the global temperature of large increases in carbon dioxide and aerosol densities in the atmosphere of Earth have been computed. It is found that, although the addition of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere does increase the surface temperature, the rate of temperature increase diminishes with increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. For aerosols, however, the net effect of increase in density is to reduce the surface temperature of Earth. Because of the exponential dependence of the backscattering, the rate of temperature decrease is augmented with increasing aerosol content. An increase by only a factor of 4 in global aerosol background concentration may be sufficient to reduce the surface temperature by as much as 3.5 ° K. If sustained over a period of several years, such a temperature decrease over the whole globe is believed to be sufficient to trigger an ice age.

Système Terre

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Un expose pour comprendre, un essai pour réfléchir.

Flammarion, 1993

La Terre Une Planète Pas Comme Les Autres

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Pourquoi la terre est elle unique en son genre? Cette interrogation revêt aujourd’hui une importance scientifique majeure: notre maison dans l’Univers n’est vraiment pas, en effet, une planète comme les autres, et il est essentiel de comprendre pourquoi et comment la terre a évolué dans le temps, puis est devenue dans le cosmos un havre merveilleux ou la vie s’épanouit.

Le livre fait ressortir a quel point l’existence de la Terre est un véritable miracle.

Ecrit par S. Ichtiaque Rasool and Nicolas Skrotzky, Edition Denoel, 1988


La Tierra, Ese Planeta Diferente

Mediterranean Land-surface Processes Assessed from Space (Regional Climate Studies)

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Mediterranean Land-surface Processes Assessed from Space (Regional Climate Studies).

This book is the result of two workshops held back-to-back in Casablanca at which scientists from all over the Mediterranean area and from Africa reported and compared their results on the analysis and interpretation on climatological data and on empirical process studies. This resulted in a comprehensive presentation on climate variability and climatic trends within the Mediterranean basin and of certain African regions. The interdependencies of the Mediterranean climate and the global climate system are discussed as well as the processes linking the atmosphere, sea, and land masses.

Finally, aprognosis shows how research projects may in the futures interact to fill gaps in our knowledge and merge their results into an intergrative  understanding of the complexe “Mediterranean system” and its socio-economical implications.

 Bolle, H.-J.; Eckardt, M.; Koslowsky, D.; Maselli, F.; Melia Miralles, J.; Menenti, M.; Olesen, F.-S.; Petkov, L.; Rasool, S.I.; Griend, A. (Eds.)


2002 William T. Pecora Award Recipient

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Dr. Rasool was the 2002 recipient of the William T. Pecora Award.

Dr. Ichtiaque Rasool was recognized for outstanding international leadership in advancing remote sensing as a fundatmental element of Earth System science. His contributions included researching the Earth’s climate and vegetation, guiding governmental research programs in remote sensing, and developing global environmental datasets. Dr. Rasool was the co-founder of the International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project and one of the founders of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program. He has held numerous positions at NASA and was at the time an independent researcher and consultant in remote sensing related to carbon and the water cycle.

The William T. Pecora Award is presented annually to individuals or groups that make outstanding contributions toward understanding the Earth by  means of remote sensing. The award is sponsored jointly by the Department of the Interior (DOI) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

The award was established in 1974 to honor the memory of Dr. William T. Pecora, former Director of the U.S. Geological Survey and Under Secretary,  Department of the Interior. Dr. Pecora was a motivating force behind the establishment of a program for civil remote sensing of the Earth from  space. His early vision and support helped establish what we know today as the Landsat satellite program.

A Memoire

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Ichtiaque Rasool was born in a rich Muslim family in India in 1930 and received Koranic education at home until the age of nine. Recently he retired from NASA as a Chief Scientist. How did it happen, it is a long story full of suspense and adventure and that is what this book is all about.

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